Wednesday, June 21, 2017

BRUTUS the Infamous Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Ancient Roman Coins Collecting Guide and Collection

Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols

Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols

This guide explores the various types of ancient military symbolism depicted on various coins of ancient Greece and Rome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=avVTjwmegYY

Feel the ancient military come alive on the coins of the Greeks and the Romans explored in this video. It goes from the personification of valor as Virtus to the Roman god of war, Mars the counterpart of the Greek Ares. However fighting battles takes wisdom so coins with Greek Athena and the Roman counterpart Minerva with spear and shield is depicted.

The Roman emperor would go into battle to vanquish his enemies on horseback. He did have the backing of military foot soldiers, or legions behind him carrying the legionary standards and eagles in the Roman military. One symbol the labarum actually was used in the Roman military after Constantine with the name of Jesus Christ as a monogram symbol . Constantine the Great saw this symbol in the sky before a great battle at the Milvian bridge against Maxentius, which he had painted on the shields of his army and wound up winning a great victory. The Roman military camps were depicted with the symbolism of the camp gates on their coins. These camp gates were also used as a quick way of communication on the frontiers where they would use them as fire signal beacons to muster their military forces to defend their frontiers. A coin with the Roman soldiers vanquishing their foes in battle driving spears through them as they lay prostrate on the floor, even the Roman emperor not being above such a military endeavor. Some ways to get around the battle field was to use chariots, including the four horse military chariot called the quadriga or the two horse type as the biga. There is also a rarely seen type of chariot which is the triga, a more widely used Greek type of war chariot. Elephants with their huge size, magnificence and sheer strength were the ancient equivalent of the tank in ancient times. A rare large silver Greek coin of Seleukos I Nikator of the Seleukid kingdom is show here also, with a chariot drawn by elephants. This made his military a formidable force to deal with. Then a silver coin with an elephant of Julius Caesar, the most famous ancient Roman is shown. It also brings back the story of the Romans facing elephant for the first time when Hannibal Barca, the general from Carthage who crossed the Alps with these elephants. The Romans just like many others who had to face them showed a respect for these formidable foes. Even Alexander the Great had to face elephants in his campaign that went into India. Galleys were used in ancient Greek and Roman times to get around and to move military forces along with supplies to their destinations. Several coins are shown here, one with a full sail and the other one of Mark Antony from the battle of Actium, which had a great naval battle that shaped history to what it is today. This coin of Mark Antony shows what could be described as trireme military row ships which were used in this battle. The other side had the legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards and named the legion the coin was minted for by it's number. Weapons were important for any battle. A coin of the kingdom of Bosporus is shown which shown all the important militaristic symbols such as the shield, the spear, the helmet, a sword in a scabbard and even a military axe. The weapons used in the legendary tales of Hercules were the bow and the club. On a coin of Alexander the Great he is even depicted as Hercules. Hercules used the skin of the Nemean lion as a helmet and armor which was impermeable to weapons according to legend. A shield of Macedonia is shown along with the helmet they used. An important mention of the Aegis, which is the severed head of Medusa used on shields and the breast plate of armor to scare or almost turn your enemies to stone. This was used on the armor of the ancient Greeks, such as in a depiction of Alexander the Great and even the Roman emperors including Augustus. Celebrating their victories, the Romans employed the goddess Victory whose Greek counterpart was Nike. Nike was originally a goddess of athletic Olympic style contests and she, along with her Roman counterpart is shown holding a wreath and a palm branch. The wreath would be placed on the head of the victories general, emperor or athletic contest winner and the palm branch was a symbol of victory. The Romans depicted their vanquished enemies as either bound captives or seated in a mourning position, sad over the great defeat they suffered by the Romans. The weapons, including the armor of the vanquished was used to build a trophy or a tropaion, consisting of the shields, swords, helmets spears and other military objects to be displayed in honor of a victory. The fronts of defeated ships were displayed in the Roman forum as Rostra and used also a speaker's platform along with being a great show of power to foreign dignitaries visiting Rome. There were also occasions that great architectural works that would be commissioned. A large Sestertius Roman coin of Nero is shown which has the arch. Arches are still standing in Rome to this day, one being by the Colosseum, known as the Arch of Titus which celebrated the victory over Judaea, the looting of the Great temple and the victory procession from there. The loot being used to build the Flavian Amphitheatre, known to this day as the Colosseum.

See the coins depicted in this guide for yourself and so much more!

The goal of this guide is to familiarize those new to the collecting of ancient coins to the wonderful types of coins available, all of which featured here and more being available in my eBay store. See all the different types accessible in my store by clicking the link, which does a search for the term in all capital letters in my store. The types to be seen are:

Ancient Coins of the Military

Enjoy the collection below of the various types of ancient Greek and Roman coins presented in this article.

GORDIAN III 240AD Authent Authentic Genuine Silver Roman Coin VIRTUS i21683

Gordian III - Roman Emperor: 238-244 A.D. - Silver Antoninianus 21mm (2.56 grams) Rome mint: March - May 240 A.D. Reference: RIC 6, C 381 IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. VIRTVSAVG - Virtus standing left, holding spear and resting on shield.

ANTONINUS PIUS Marcus Aurelius Father Ancient RomanCoin ARES Mars Cult i14350

Antoninus Pius - Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D. Bronze 18mm (4.68 grams) of Philippopolis in Thrace AVT K ANTΩNEINOC CEB, bare bust right. ΦIΛIIΠΠOΠOΛEIT, Nude Ares standing left, holding patera and spear.
Severus Alexander -  Roman Emperor: 222-235 A.D. Silver Denarius 20mm (3.01 grams) Rome mint: 222 A.D. Reference: RIC 160; RSC 173a; SR-7884 IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing facing, head left, holding spear and branch.

VELIA in LUCANIA 300BC Philistion group Silver Greek Coin Athena Lion i53521

Greek city of Velia in  Lucania Silver Stater 21mm (6.89 grams) Struck circa 300-280 B.C. Philistion group. Reference: Williams 506 (O254/R355); HN Italy 1312; SNG ANS 1387; Weber 938 Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a dolphin, Φ on  neck guard. Lion standing right; above, Φ-I flanking ornate trident head right; YEΛHTΩN in  exergue.

DOMITIAN 92AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin Athena MINERVA Cult i21934

Domitian - Roman Caesar: 69-81 A.D. Emperor: 81-96 A.D. - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.06 grams) Rome mint: 92 A.D. Reference: RIC 728; RSC 273 IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva advancing right, brandishing javelin & holding shield.

NERO on HORSE with SOLDIER 67AD Rome Sestertius LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i53830

Nero -  Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 34mm (24.93 grams) Rome mint: 67 A.D. Reference: RIC-170 NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head of Nero wearing  aegis facing right. Nero and soldier papanthesis on horseback right; DECVRSIO in exergue; S C across  fields.

PROBUS on horse spearing barbarian 278AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i53272

Probus -  Roman Emperor: 276-282 A.D. - Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (3.25 grams) Serdica mint 278-282 A.D. Reference: RIC 877g(var.), C 912 IMPCMAVRPROBVSPAVG - Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield. VIRTVSPROBIAVG Exe: KAΓ - Probus riding horse right, spearing barbarian; shield under horse.

MAXIMINUS II DAIA 312AD Rome Rare Aquila Standards Ancient Roman Coin i52865

Maximinus II 'Daia'Roman Emperor:  308-313 A.D. - Bronze Follis 18mm (3.00 grams) Rome mint, circa 312-313 A.D. Reference: RIC 350b (VI, Roma) IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI Exe: RT, Aquila (legionary eagle) flanked by two standards.

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT 335AD Ancient Roman Coin Glory of Army Legions i27304

Constantine I 'The Great'- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Bronze AE3 16mm (2.59 grams) Antioch mint: 335-337 A.D. CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG - Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. GLORIAEXERCITVS Exe: SMANΓ - Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.Numismatic Note* The reverse legend dedicates this coin to " the glory of the Army."

Theodosius I the Great with labarum 379AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i52710

Theodosius I  -  Roman Emperor: 379-395 A.D. - Bronze AE3 16mm (3.03 grams) Aquileia mint 379-395 A.D. Reference: RIC 45b D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor advancing right, holding labarum & dragging captive, SMAQP in ex.

CONSTANTIUS II son of Constantine the Great w labarum Ancient Roman Coin i51167

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Son of Constantine I the Great Bronze AE2 20mm (3.98 grams) Cyzicus mint 348-351 A.D. Reference: RIC 70 (Cyzicus), LRBC 2474 DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe. FELTEMPREPARATIO Exe: */SMKΔ - Constantius II standing left, holding  labarum topped with the Chi-Rho and resting  hand on shield; two captives to left. Star in left field.

CONSTANTIUS II 324AD Arelate Mint OPEN DOOR CAMP GATE Rare Roman Coin i51101

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Bronze AE3 20mm (2.67 grams) Arelate mint: 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 297 FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. VIRTVS CAESS Exe: QA(crescent)RL, Camp gate with open doors and four turrets; star above.* Numismatic Note: Rare type with the open doors.

CONSTANTIUS II Constantine the Great son Ancient Roman Coin Battle Horse i46699

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - BATTLE SCENE COIN Bronze AE2 23mm (4.98 grams)  Struck in the mint of Aquileia circa 337-361 A.D. Reference: RIC VIII Aquileia 95. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, falling forwards on the ground on his hands and knees.  Star in right field. Mintmark AQT. (The dot at far right is not part of the mintmark).

PROBUS 276AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin Sol Sun God on horse quadriga i44286

Probus -  Roman Emperor: 276-282 A.D. - Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (4.27 grams) Struck circa 276-282 A.D. Reference: RIC 861. IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG  - Radiate and mantled bust left, holding eagle-tipped sceptre. SOLI INVICTO Ex: KAΔ - Sol driving facing quadriga chariot, head left, holding whip.

Roman Republic 104BC Roma Victory Chariot Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i49087

Roman Republic C. Coelius Caldus moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.82 grams) Rome mint, circa 104 B.C. Reference:  Coelia 3; B.M.C. 1463-92; Syd. 582a; Craw. 318/1b Head of Roma left. Victory in biga ( chariot) left, CALD below horses, letter below.

SELEUKOS I Nikator Tetradrachm Athena ELEPHANT Silver Greek Coin Seleukid i46301

Greek Coin of  Seleucid Kingdom Seleukos I, Nikator - King: 312-280 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.27 grams) Struck circa 312-280 B.C. Reference: Sear 6831 var.; HGC 9, 18 Laureate head of Zeus right. Athena, brandishing spear and holding shield, standing in chariot drawn right by four horned elephants; on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; in exergue, ΣEΛΕYKOY.

JULIUS CAESAR Elephant Serpent 49BC Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin i47254

Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator Silver Denarius 19mm (3.66 grams) Struck 49-48 B.C. Reference: RSC 49j B.9; B.M.C., Gaul, 27; Syd. 1006; Craw. 443/1 Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent, CAESAR in exergue. Sacrificial implements: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.The obverse type may symbolize victory over evil, whereas the reverse refers to Caesar's  office of Pontifex Maximus.

GORDIAN III 238AD Deultum Thrace GALLEY SHIP Ancient Roman Coin BEAUTY i52771

Gordian III Roman Emperor: 238-244 A.D. - Bronze 23mm (5.66 grams) of Deultum in Thrace Reference: Jurokova 274 IMP C GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. COL F L PAC DEVLT,  Galley under full sail, sailing right.

MARK ANTONY Cleopatra Lover 32BCActium Ancient Silver Roman Coin LEG XIX i53492

Mark Antony Silver Denarius 18mm (3.09 grams) Struck at Actium 32-31 B.C. for Mark Antony's XIX Legion Reference: RSC 55; B.M.C. 214; Syd. 1242; Craw. 544/35 ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley right. LEG XIX, Legionary eagle between two standards.

RHOEMETALKES 136AD Bosporus King Shield Sword Axe Horse Helmet Greek Coin i53539

Kingdom of  Bosporus Rhoemetalkes  - King, circa 131-154 A.D. Bronze '48 Units' 22mm (5.48 grams) Struck circa 136 A.D. Reference: Anohin 495; Sear GIC 5467; MacDonald 456 ΒΑCΙΛЄѠC POIMHTAΛKOY, His diademed and  draped bust right; trident before. Circular shield between battle axe (on left) and sword in scabbard; spear in  background; above, horse's head and helmet; beneath, denomination mark M H.

Alexander III the Great as Hercules 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Bow Club i44200

Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 19mm (6.18 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6739 var. Head of Alexander the Great as  Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Hercules' weapons, bow in bow-case and club, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in between.

DEMETRIUS I Poliorcetes 294BC Ancient Greek Coin HELMET SHIELD i27042

Greek - Macedonian Kingdom - King Demetrius I Poliorcetes - 294-288 B.C. Bronze 17mm (4.54 grams) Struck 294-288 B.C. Reference: Sear 6774; Newell 131 - Macedonian shield, with monogram of Demetrios at center. BA  ΣΙ either side of crested Macedonian helmet,  in field to left, anchor.

AMISOS in PONTUS MITHRADATES VI the GREAT Gorgon Aegis Nike Greek Coin i30066

Greek city of  Amisos in  Pontus Bronze 21mm (7.67 grams) Struck under  Mithradates VI the Great circa 105-90 B.C. or circa 90-85 B.C. Reference: HGC 7, 242; Sear 3642; SNG Black Sea 1177-1191; B.M.C. 13. 20,74 Aegis, with Gorgon's head at center. Nike advancing right, carrying palm-branch; ΑΜΙ - ΣΟΥ across field; monograms to left and to right.

AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i53144

  Augustus -  Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Bronze 18mm (4.47 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece, Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C. Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32 VIC AVG,  Victory  standing  left. 3 legionary  Standards, 'COHOR PRAEPHIL'

TRAJAN victory over DACIA 103AD Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome i53511

Trajan - Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. - VICTORY OVER DACIA Silver Denarius 17mm (3.36 grams) Rome mint: 103-111 A.D. Reference: RIC 219 IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head right. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Dacia seated right in mournful attitude on shield;  below, curved sword.Trajan celebrates his victory over Dacia on this coin.

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT RARE Ancient Roman Coin Victory Over SARMATIANS i39763

Constantine I 'The Great' -  Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Victory Over SARMATIANS Bronze 19mm (3.24 grams) Sirmium mint 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 48 (VII, Sirmium) CONSTANTINVSAVG - Laureate head right. SARMATIADEVICTA Exe: SIRM -  Victory  advancing right, stepping on captive, holding  Trophy  and palm.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 194AD Emesa Trophy Quality Ancient Silver Roman Coin i12586

Septimius Severus -  Roman Emperor: 193-211 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm (3.21 grams) Emesa mint: 194-195 A.D. Reference: RIC 389, BMC 365, S 6288, C 232 IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCOSII - Laureate head right. INVICTOIMP - Trophy with weapons at base.

NERO Arch Chariot & Mars 65AD Lugdunum Ancient Roman Coin Architecture i36665

Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 36mm (25.42 grams) Lugdunum mint: 65 A.D. Reference: RIC 393; Cohen 306; BMCRE 330; BN 69; WCN 414; F.S. Kleiner, The Arch of Nero in Rome. A study of the Roman honorary arch before and under Nero, Archaeologica 52 (Rome, 1985), 51aNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust. S C across field, Triumphal arch, hung with wreath across front and left side; above, Nero in facing quadriga escorted on right by Victory holding wreath and palm and on left by Pax holding caduceus and cornucopiae; just below the quadriga on extreme left and right, two small figures of soldiers; on left side of arch in niche, figure of Mars standing facing, holding spear and round shield; ornamental reliefs on the faces and plinths of the arch.


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Originally Published Here: Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols Fascinating video about collecting old coins. World-renowned numismatic expert created this to teach.



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Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem – Guide VIDEO Tour of the Types

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6ky7J8RTz8

Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem - A VIDEO Tour of the Types

This guide is designed to teach people a lot more about ancient biblical coins. Some of the coins explored in this guide are those of John Hyrcanus I, Alexander Jannaeus, Herod the Great, Herod Archelaus, Pontius Pilate and the Roman prefects procurators of Judaea area. The best reference work on the subject is Guide to Biblical Coins by David Hendin. This book goes deep in to the subject and history of the many coins of Jerusalem and coins dealing with the Holy Land, including the towns around Jerusalem. This guide would be interesting for people of both the Jewish and the Christian faith, and for those that would like to study historical ancient coins. Ancient Zodiac CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

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TRIBUTE Penny Jesus Christ RENDER UNTO CAESAR Biblical Roman Coins Guide

Tribute Penny Render Unto Caesar Jesus Christ Biblical Coins

The guide to the ancient silver Roman coin described in the bible brought before Christ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xP8i2TE6C0

The Most Likely Candidates for the Silver Coin Described in the Bible under Mark 12:14-17

Quoting the Bible: "Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why temp ye me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And He saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto Him, Caesar's. And Jesus, answering, said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's (Mark 12:14-17)" Who the Caesars Were Julius Caesar, the famous military commander and dictator of Rome was the originator of the name Caesar that the Roman emperors adopted. Augustus being an adopted heir of Julius Caesar, also took on his name. This was an important political tactic giving him the power of Julius Caesar as an adopted son. An adopted son would therefore carry the popularity that Caesar had. Augustus was Roman emperor from 27 B.C. - 14 A.D., officially. Upon his death, the next emperor was Tiberius. He, too, as later emperors assumed the title of Caesar in his name, especially written on coins. So therefore, Caesar was a name that many emperors assumed and put on their coins. Types of Silver Coins bearing the name "Caesar" in Circulation during the Life of Jesus Christ When the 1611 edition of the King James Bible was written, the term for Roman denarius whose Greek equivalent was the drachm was translated to the Anglo-Saxon penny as known to the British, which was their standard silver coin denomination at the time. So we know three rulers who would have had a denarius silver coin with the name "Caesar" written on them. And they would be.
  • Julius Caesar, died March 15th, 44 B.C.
  • Augustus, Roman emperor who ruled 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
  • Tiberius, Roman emperor who ruled 14 A.D. - 37 A.D.
Most Likely Candidates for the Coin Described in the Bible Quoting the section from Mark, "Whose is this image and superscription?". We must come to the conclusion that the coin must, have a portrait of a ruler and also have a "superscription" or in other words the word Caesar in the title and be a coin of the denarius (or possibly drachm) denomination. Although the coins of Julius Caesar did exist in denarius form with his portrait, they are quite rare, and would not have been minted since 44 B.C., so likely would not be a common type of coin in circulation at the time, although certainly a candidate. Then there are the coins of Augustus, who feature the word "Caesar" whom also had the denarius coin with his portrait and who issued a lot of them in his reign from before Jesus' birth to his young adulthood from 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. So this would be a more likely candidate for the coin that was brought before Jesus Christ. Another point to be made is that the Augustus coins are much more plentiful in the times of Jesus Christ than the coins of Tiberius circulating in the area of Jerusalem. And lastly, the most traditionally attributed coin as being the Tribute Penny is the silver denarius coin of emperor Tiberius, whom reigned 14-37 A.D. and also feature the title of Caesar on them. These would have been the most recently-minted coins in the context of the time period  described and therefore the most widely-accepted form of the Tribute Penny. Conclusion In conclusion, the coin that was talked about in the bible would have to have four characteristics.
  1. Would have to have been minted during the lifetime or before the birth of Jesus Christ.
  2. Would be silver and of the Roman denarius denomination.
  3. Would have the portrait of the Roman ruler on it.
  4. Would have the word "Caesar" in the inscription on them
So therefore they would be portrait Julius Caesar silver denarius coins, Augustus silver denarius coins, or Tiberius silver denarius coins with the inscription of "Caesar" on them.

Examples of the Ancient Silver Roman coins that could be described as the biblical Tribute Penny

Below are the three possibilities that fit the biblical account of the Tribute Penny, including the two most likely-ones, those of Augustus and Tiberius.

Julius Caesar portrait silver denarius coin from 44 B.C.

Notice the term "Caesar" on it's obverse and incidentally the first time a living ruler's portrait was placed on a coin. Coin's description: Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius  Rome,  44 B.C. CAESAR IMP, laureate head of Julius Caesar right; behind, lituus and  simpulum behind.  M METTIVS, Venus standing facing, head left, holding Victory and scepter,  resting elbow on shield set on globe behind her; in left field.

Roman Emperor Augustus' coin from circa 2 B.C. featuring Caius and Lucius Caesars

Here is the second example cited in the article that I conclude could be the type described. Coin's Description : Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 19mm Rome mint: 2 B.C. - 2 A.D. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F. PATER PATRIAE, his laurel head right. C . L . CAESARES AVGVSTI F . COS . DESIG . PRINC . IVVENT., Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, shields and spears between them; above, between the spears, simpulum and lituus turned inwards.

Tiberius, Roman Emperor 14-37 A.D. silver Denarius ancient silver Roman coin that is the most popular and well-known "Tribute Penny" type

This is the coin that is most widely attributed to the coin described in the Bible by the scholars of biblical coins of the nineteenth century. Coin's Description Tiberius - Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm Lugdunum mint: 14-37 A.D. THE BIBLICAL TRIBUTE PENNY Reference: BN II, 42, 28; RIC 95, 30. C 16 TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right. PONTIF MAXIM - Livia seated right, holding spear and branch; ornamented chair legs.


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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

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Learn More Here: TRIBUTE Penny Jesus Christ RENDER UNTO CAESAR Biblical Roman Coins Guide An interesting article pertaining to collecting old coins. An expert numismatist created this for educational purposes.



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Tuesday, June 20, 2017

5 Things You Need to Start Collecting Ancient Coins

5 Things You Need to Start Collecting Ancient Coins as a Beginner

  In this informative video, we are taught that there are 5 basic things that are a good idea to have for starting a coin collection. They are:
  1. Loupe
  2. Scales
  3. Ruler
  4. Coin Flips
  5. Reference books
See other great articles and videos that go more into depth on these topics:  

Source Here: 5 Things You Need to Start Collecting Ancient Coins Cool video pertaining to ancient coin collecting. World-renowned numismatic expert posted this for educational purposes.



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Monday, June 19, 2017

Architecture on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins VIDEO Guide with RARE Collection

Architecture on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins Guide Collection

Guide designed to explore the range of the different types of ancient coins depicting Architectural types available on eBay

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nf7-71MF0nI

Ancient Greeks and Romans were both proud of the architectural achievements. The Greeks as an example would put their temples on their coins, sometimes with a statue of the god or goddess the city is known for. The Romans also had various different types of architecture they depicted on their coins, along with temples, they had arches, columns, bridges statues, city gates and camp gates. See authentic ancient Greek and Roman coins in my store:

Examples illustrating the various Architecture depicted on ancient coins

Below are ancient coins as shown in the video guide in the same order. It is designed to get you familiar with the types of coins and help you develop a sense of appreciation for those types. You can click on the pictures or other links and search my eBay store for examples of them.

CONSTANTIUS II 324AD Arelate Mint OPEN DOOR CAMP GATE Rare Roman Coin i51101

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Bronze AE3 20mm (2.67 grams) Arelate mint: 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 297 FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. VIRTVS CAESS Exe: QA(crescent)RL, Camp-gate with open doors and four turrets; star above.* Numismatic Note: Rare type with the open doors.

Constantine I The Great Ancient Roman Coin Military camp or bivouac gate i53257

Constantine I 'The Great' -  Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Bronze AE3 19mm (3.13 grams) Nicomedia mint 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 90 (VII, Nicomedia) CONSTANTINVSAVG - Laureate head right. PROVIDENTIAEAVGG Exe: SMNΓ - Camp gate with two turrets and star above.

ELAGABALUS 218AD Nicopolis ad Istrum CITY Wall GATE Ancient Roman Coin i42982

Elagabalus -  Roman Emperor: 218-222 A.D. - Bronze 26mm (11.45 grams) from the city of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Moesia Inferior Under magistrate Novius Rufus Laureate head right. VΠ NOBIOV POVΦOY NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPON,  City Gate.

CARACALLA 198AD Anchialus CITY GATE Architectural Ancient Roman Coin i24834

Caracalla - Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. - Bronze 29mm (11.42 grams) of Anchialus in Thrace Reference: Varbanov 318 AVP M AVR ANTΩNINO, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. OVΛПIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN, city gate, flanked by two battlemented towers, three arches on wall.

TIBERIUS 14AD Emerita Augusta Ancient Spain City Gate Original Roman Coin i42053

Tiberius -  Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. - Bronze Dupondius 26mm (13.88 grams) of Emerita in Spain Reference: ACIP 3407a; RPC I 41; AB-1056 TI. CAESAR AVGVSTVS PON. MAX. IMP., Laureate head left. COL. AVGVSTA EMERITA, Main city gate city gate with view of city walls above.

EUNICE Queen after KOTYS I of BOSPORUS Jupiter Temple Ancient Greek Coin i53587

Kingdom of  Bosporus Eunice  - Queen as Sole Ruler after Kotys I circa 68-69 A.D. Bronze '24 Units' 24mm (8.03 grams) Struck circa 68-69 A.D. Reference: MacDonald 337; Anohin 371 Temple with five columns; KA ΠΕ either side. Wreath enclosing monogram of Eunice and denomination mark KΔ.

Roman Republic Volteius JUPITER TEMPLE Ancient Silver Coin Rare i20208

Roman Republic M. Volteius M. f. moneyer Silver Denarius 17mm (3.81 grams) Rome mint: 78 B.C. Reference: Volteia 1; B.M.C. 3154; Syd. 774; Craw. 385/1 Laureate head of Jupiter right. M . VOLTEI M . F . below temple of Jupiter Capitolinus.

TRANQUILLINA GORDIAN III wife Deultum Thrace ASCLEPIUS Temple Roman Coin i49815

Tranquillina - Roman Empress - Wife of  Gordian III - Roman Emperor: 238-244 A.D. - Bronze 22mm (6.91 grams) of  Deultum in  Thrace Reference: Yurukova, Bizye 416 SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG, diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina right. COL FL PAC DEVLT, tetrastyle (four column) temple with statue of  Asclepius standing facing, head left, leaning on  serpent-entwined (medical symbol) staff.

NERO 65AD Sestertius JANUS TEMPLE Gaming Token Ancient Roman Coin RARE i25127

Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 'Game Token' 34mm (19.84 grams) Rome mint: 65 A.D. Reference: C 146. BMC 319. RIC 438. CBN 73 NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P Laureate head right, with globe at point of bust. PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S – C View of the temple of Janus, door to right, decorated with garland.* Numismatic Note: This coin has been cut in half practically to turn it into a type of token, likely for gaming. Quality authentic ancient coin with fantastic portrait and the most important parts of the temple visible.

TITUS & DOMITIAN CAESARS 77AD Stobi Macedonia Roman Coin Dionysus Temple i28335

Titus & Domitian as Caesars Bronze 25mm (5.10 grams) of Stobi in Macedonia Struck 77-78 A.D. Reference: RPC 311; Boric-Breskovic, Stobi, p. 29, Type 3; AMNG III -; Varbanov 3805 T CAESAR IMP DOMITIANVS CAESAR, Laureate and draped bust of Titus right vis-à-vis bare head of Domitian left. MVNICIPI STOBENSIVM, tetra-style temple on podium with two steps; inside, Dionysus standing left; clipeus in pediment.

PHILIP I the ARAB 248AD 1000 Years of Rome Roma Temple Silver Roman Coin i52174

Philip I 'the Arab'Roman Emperor: 244-249 A.D. - Silver Antoninianus 22mm (4.18 grams) Rome mint: 248 A.D. Commemorating the 1000th anniversary of Rome Reference: RIC 25b; C 198 IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right SAECVLVM NOVVM, Roma (Roma Aeterna) seated within hexastyle temple.

ANTONINUS PIUS Isis Harpokrates Horus Temple Alexandria Egypt Roman Coin i52373

Antoninus Pius -  Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D. Bronze Drachm 32mm (24.26 grams) Dated Regnal Year 12, 148/149 A.D. Reference: Köln 1610; Dattari (Savio) 3048; K&G 35.437; Emmett 1587.12 Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right. Isis seated right on throne, holding infant Harpokrates; all within distyle Egyptian-style temple

ALEXANDER the GREAT Roman Macedonia Koinon Greek Area Coin Temples i40532

Alexander III, the Great: Macedonian Greek King: 336-323 B.C. Roman Era, Olympic-Style Games Issue Bronze 25mm (11.31 grams) from the Koinon of Macedonia in Thrace under Roman Control Struck circa 222-235 A.D. under the reign of Roman Emperor Severus Alexander AΛЄΞANΔPOV, Head of Alexander the Great right with loose, flowing hair. B KOINON MAKЄΔONΩN NEΩ, Two temples.* Numismatic Note: Leaders like Julius Caesar and the Romans and the Greeks alike had immense respect for the great accomplishments of Alexander the Great. Macedonia, being the kingdom of Alexander the Great's birth, this coin featuring his likeness heralds the Neocorate status of the area, along with the Olympic-style games that accompanied it. Highly-coveted type.

FAUSTINA I Temple Architectural Ancient Silver Roman Coin 150AD i30134 Very rare

Faustina I - Roman Empress Wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius Silver Denarius 17mm (3.36 grams) Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, circa 146-161 A.D. Reference: RIC III 343 (Pius); RSC 1 DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped bust right. AEDDIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple in which is a seated figure of Faustina Senior. This temple has been incorporated into the construction of the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda in Rome. The remains are still visible today.

Maxentius Constantine the Great Enemy Ancient Coin Temple of Venus Roma i39848

Maxentius - Roman Emperor: 307-312 A.D. Bronze Follis 25mm (6.00 grams) Rome mint: 307-310 A.D. Reference: RIC 258 (VI, Roma) IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG - Laureate head right. CONSERVVRBSVAE Exe: H/REP - Temple with six columns; Roma seated within, holding globe and scepter.

Trajan -  Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. - Bronze 22mm (6.99 grams)  Stobi in  Macedonia Reference: Sear GIC 953; B.M.C. 5.103,2 IMP. CAE. NERVA TRAIAN. AVG. GERM. P. M., Laureate head right. MVNICIPI STOBENSIVM, Tetrastyle temple containing statue, at feet of which, bird.

ANTONINUS PIUS 158AD Augustus Livia Temple Restoration Silver Roman Coin i43298

Antoninus Pius -  Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D. Silver Denarius 18mm (2.90 grams) Rome mint: 158-159 A.D. Reference:RIC 290a ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII, laureate head right. TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST, Octastyle temple of Divus Augustus, in which are seated statues of Divus Augustus and Livia, COS IIII in exergue.

NERO Arch Chariot & Mars 65AD Lugdunum Ancient Roman Coin Architecture i36665

Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 36mm (25.42 grams) Lugdunum mint: 65 A.D. Reference: RIC 393; Cohen 306; BMCRE 330; BN 69; WCN 414; F.S. Kleiner, The Arch of Nero in Rome. A study of the Roman honorary arch before and under Nero, Archaeologica 52 (Rome, 1985), 51aNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust. S C across field, Triumphal arch, hung with wreath across front and left side; above, Nero in facing quadriga escorted on right by Victory holding wreath and palm and on left by Pax holding caduceus and cornucopiae; just below the quadriga on extreme left and right, two small figures of soldiers; on left side of arch in niche, figure of Mars standing facing, holding spear and round shield; ornamental reliefs on the faces and plinths of the arch.

Roman Republic Aemilia 7 114BC Ancient Silver Coin Triumphal arch Horse i46740

Roman Republic Man. Aemilius Lepidus moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.69 grams) Rome mint: 114/113 B.C. Reference: Aemilia 7; B.M.C., Italy 590; Syd. 554; Craw. 291/1 Laureate and diademed head of Roma slightly draped right, ROMA before, * behind. MN. AEMILIO, equestrian statue on triumphal arch, LEP between arches.

CARACALLA 198AD Roman Provincial Mint TRIUMPHAL ARCH Architectural Coin i48852

Caracalla -  Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. - Bronze 27mm (7.08 grams) of Roman provincial mint Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Triumphal arch.

TRAJAN statue on Trajan's Column w Eagles 114AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin i52633

Trajan -  Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.00 grams) Rome mint: 114-115 A.D. Reference: RIC 356, C 284 IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM DAC, laureate and draped bust right. P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of Trajan, holding patera and scepter; two eagles at base.

TITUS 79AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin SOL Sun God on rostral column i33559

Titus - Roman Emperor: 79-81 A.D. - Silver Denarius 18mm (2.75 grams) Rome mint: 79 A.D. Reference: RIC 10; Cohen 271cf IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII, radiate figure (Sol?) standing on rostral column, holding spear.

PHILIP I the ARAB 248AD 1000 Years of Rome COLUMN Silver Roman Coin i46631

Philip I 'the Arab'Roman Emperor: 244-249 A.D. - Silver Antoninianus 23mm (3.68 grams) Rome mint: 248 A.D. Commemorating the 1000th Anniversary of the founding of Rome Reference: RIC 24c; Cohen 193 IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. SAECVLARES AVG G, thin column inscribed COS III.

TRAJAN 112AD Via Traiana Extended Via Appia Road Silver Roman Coin i52651

Trajan -  Roman Emperor: 98-117 A.D. - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.15 grams) Rome mint: 112-113 A.D. Reference: BM 487; C 648; RIC 266 IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, Laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder. SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI / VIA TRAIANA, Goddess ( Via Trajana) reclining left on rocks with branch and wheel.

Constantine I 'The Great' -  Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Bronze AE3 18mm (3.30 grams) Constantinople mint: 330 A.D. Reference:RIC 21 POP ROMANVS, draped bust of Genius left, cornucopiae on shoulder. Milvian Bridge over the River Tiber, CONS-A above bridge. Read the  Constantine the Great Ancient Roman Coins Guide to learn more.

Gallienus son of Valerian I Large Medalic Ancient Roman Coin Rare Bridge i28470

Gallienus - Roman Emperor: 253-268 A.D. Medallic Bronze 36mm (14.48 grams) of Antioch-ad-Maeandrum, Caria Reference: SNG von Aulock 2430 (var.); Similar Coin Sold in Numismatik Lanz München Auction 149 #518 (2,600 EUR, approx. 3,182 USD) AV KA ΠΟ Γ AΛΛI HNOC, Helmeted & cuirassed bust left, holding shield & spear. ANTIOX EΩΝ, six-arched bridge with guard rails across the Maeander River; triple-bayed triumphal  arch at one end; On the bridge the river God Mäander with filling horn in  the arm on a Kline stores; stairway on the left side, on which a stork sits.

CLAUDIUS Philippi Julius Caesar & Augustus Statues Ancient Roman Coin i40538

Claudius - Roman Emperor: 41-54 A.D. - Bronze 26mm (12.58 grams) of the City of Philippi in Macedonia Struck 41-54 A.D. Reference: Sear GIC 428; B.M.C. 5.98,25; Cohen 260, 117 TI. CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG. P.M. TR. P. IMP. - Bare head of Claudius left. COL AVG IVL PHILIP, cippus inscribed with DIVVS AVG in two lines, on which stand statues of  Augustus (to left) & Julius Caesar (to right), altar on either side of cippus.

TRALLEIS in LYDIA 166BC Tetradrachm Silver Greek Coin Artemis of Ephesus i53520

Greek city of Tralleis in  Lydia Silver Cistophoric Tetradrachm 27mm (12.20 grams) Struck circa 166-67 B.C.  under Time–, prytanis Reference: Sear 4747; SNG Copenhagen 661; B.M.C.22.330,31-2 Cista mystica with serpent coming out; all within ivy wreath. Two serpents entwined around bow in  bowcase; TIME above,  TPAΛ to left, cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus in field to right.


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