Friday, July 21, 2017

BRUTUS the Infamous Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Ancient Roman Coins Collecting Guide and Collection

Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols

Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols

This guide explores the various types of ancient military symbolism depicted on various coins of ancient Greece and Rome

Feel the ancient military come alive on the coins of the Greeks and the Romans explored in this video. It goes from the personification of valor as Virtus to the Roman god of war, Mars the counterpart of the Greek Ares. However fighting battles takes wisdom so coins with Greek Athena and the Roman counterpart Minerva with spear and shield is depicted.

The Roman emperor would go into battle to vanquish his enemies on horseback. He did have the backing of military foot soldiers, or legions behind him carrying the legionary standards and eagles in the Roman military. One symbol the labarum actually was used in the Roman military after Constantine with the name of Jesus Christ as a monogram symbol . Constantine the Great saw this symbol in the sky before a great battle at the Milvian bridge against Maxentius, which he had painted on the shields of his army and wound up winning a great victory. The Roman military camps were depicted with the symbolism of the camp gates on their coins. These camp gates were also used as a quick way of communication on the frontiers where they would use them as fire signal beacons to muster their military forces to defend their frontiers. A coin with the Roman soldiers vanquishing their foes in battle driving spears through them as they lay prostrate on the floor, even the Roman emperor not being above such a military endeavor. Some ways to get around the battle field was to use chariots, including the four horse military chariot called the quadriga or the two horse type as the biga. There is also a rarely seen type of chariot which is the triga, a more widely used Greek type of war chariot. Elephants with their huge size, magnificence and sheer strength were the ancient equivalent of the tank in ancient times. A rare large silver Greek coin of Seleukos I Nikator of the Seleukid kingdom is show here also, with a chariot drawn by elephants. This made his military a formidable force to deal with. Then a silver coin with an elephant of Julius Caesar, the most famous ancient Roman is shown. It also brings back the story of the Romans facing elephant for the first time when Hannibal Barca, the general from Carthage who crossed the Alps with these elephants. The Romans just like many others who had to face them showed a respect for these formidable foes. Even Alexander the Great had to face elephants in his campaign that went into India. Galleys were used in ancient Greek and Roman times to get around and to move military forces along with supplies to their destinations. Several coins are shown here, one with a full sail and the other one of Mark Antony from the battle of Actium, which had a great naval battle that shaped history to what it is today. This coin of Mark Antony shows what could be described as trireme military row ships which were used in this battle. The other side had the legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards and named the legion the coin was minted for by it's number. Weapons were important for any battle. A coin of the kingdom of Bosporus is shown which shown all the important militaristic symbols such as the shield, the spear, the helmet, a sword in a scabbard and even a military axe. The weapons used in the legendary tales of Hercules were the bow and the club. On a coin of Alexander the Great he is even depicted as Hercules. Hercules used the skin of the Nemean lion as a helmet and armor which was impermeable to weapons according to legend. A shield of Macedonia is shown along with the helmet they used. An important mention of the Aegis, which is the severed head of Medusa used on shields and the breast plate of armor to scare or almost turn your enemies to stone. This was used on the armor of the ancient Greeks, such as in a depiction of Alexander the Great and even the Roman emperors including Augustus. Celebrating their victories, the Romans employed the goddess Victory whose Greek counterpart was Nike. Nike was originally a goddess of athletic Olympic style contests and she, along with her Roman counterpart is shown holding a wreath and a palm branch. The wreath would be placed on the head of the victories general, emperor or athletic contest winner and the palm branch was a symbol of victory. The Romans depicted their vanquished enemies as either bound captives or seated in a mourning position, sad over the great defeat they suffered by the Romans. The weapons, including the armor of the vanquished was used to build a trophy or a tropaion, consisting of the shields, swords, helmets spears and other military objects to be displayed in honor of a victory. The fronts of defeated ships were displayed in the Roman forum as Rostra and used also a speaker's platform along with being a great show of power to foreign dignitaries visiting Rome. There were also occasions that great architectural works that would be commissioned. A large Sestertius Roman coin of Nero is shown which has the arch. Arches are still standing in Rome to this day, one being by the Colosseum, known as the Arch of Titus which celebrated the victory over Judaea, the looting of the Great temple and the victory procession from there. The loot being used to build the Flavian Amphitheatre, known to this day as the Colosseum.

See the coins depicted in this guide for yourself and so much more!

The goal of this guide is to familiarize those new to the collecting of ancient coins to the wonderful types of coins available, all of which featured here and more being available in my eBay store. See all the different types accessible in my store by clicking the link, which does a search for the term in all capital letters in my store. The types to be seen are:

Ancient Coins of the Military

Enjoy the collection below of the various types of ancient Greek and Roman coins presented in this article.

GORDIAN III 240AD Authent Authentic Genuine Silver Roman Coin VIRTUS i21683

Gordian III - Roman Emperor: 238-244 A.D. - Silver Antoninianus 21mm (2.56 grams) Rome mint: March - May 240 A.D. Reference: RIC 6, C 381 IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. VIRTVSAVG - Virtus standing left, holding spear and resting on shield.

ANTONINUS PIUS Marcus Aurelius Father Ancient RomanCoin ARES Mars Cult i14350

Antoninus Pius - Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D. Bronze 18mm (4.68 grams) of Philippopolis in Thrace AVT K ANTΩNEINOC CEB, bare bust right. ΦIΛIIΠΠOΠOΛEIT, Nude Ares standing left, holding patera and spear.
Severus Alexander -  Roman Emperor: 222-235 A.D. Silver Denarius 20mm (3.01 grams) Rome mint: 222 A.D. Reference: RIC 160; RSC 173a; SR-7884 IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing facing, head left, holding spear and branch.

VELIA in LUCANIA 300BC Philistion group Silver Greek Coin Athena Lion i53521

Greek city of Velia in  Lucania Silver Stater 21mm (6.89 grams) Struck circa 300-280 B.C. Philistion group. Reference: Williams 506 (O254/R355); HN Italy 1312; SNG ANS 1387; Weber 938 Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a dolphin, Φ on  neck guard. Lion standing right; above, Φ-I flanking ornate trident head right; YEΛHTΩN in  exergue.

DOMITIAN 92AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin Athena MINERVA Cult i21934

Domitian - Roman Caesar: 69-81 A.D. Emperor: 81-96 A.D. - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.06 grams) Rome mint: 92 A.D. Reference: RIC 728; RSC 273 IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva advancing right, brandishing javelin & holding shield.

NERO on HORSE with SOLDIER 67AD Rome Sestertius LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i53830

Nero -  Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 34mm (24.93 grams) Rome mint: 67 A.D. Reference: RIC-170 NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head of Nero wearing  aegis facing right. Nero and soldier papanthesis on horseback right; DECVRSIO in exergue; S C across  fields.

PROBUS on horse spearing barbarian 278AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i53272

Probus -  Roman Emperor: 276-282 A.D. - Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (3.25 grams) Serdica mint 278-282 A.D. Reference: RIC 877g(var.), C 912 IMPCMAVRPROBVSPAVG - Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield. VIRTVSPROBIAVG Exe: KAΓ - Probus riding horse right, spearing barbarian; shield under horse.

MAXIMINUS II DAIA 312AD Rome Rare Aquila Standards Ancient Roman Coin i52865

Maximinus II 'Daia'Roman Emperor:  308-313 A.D. - Bronze Follis 18mm (3.00 grams) Rome mint, circa 312-313 A.D. Reference: RIC 350b (VI, Roma) IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI Exe: RT, Aquila (legionary eagle) flanked by two standards.

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT 335AD Ancient Roman Coin Glory of Army Legions i27304

Constantine I 'The Great'- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Bronze AE3 16mm (2.59 grams) Antioch mint: 335-337 A.D. CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG - Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. GLORIAEXERCITVS Exe: SMANΓ - Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.Numismatic Note* The reverse legend dedicates this coin to " the glory of the Army."

Theodosius I the Great with labarum 379AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i52710

Theodosius I  -  Roman Emperor: 379-395 A.D. - Bronze AE3 16mm (3.03 grams) Aquileia mint 379-395 A.D. Reference: RIC 45b D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor advancing right, holding labarum & dragging captive, SMAQP in ex.

CONSTANTIUS II son of Constantine the Great w labarum Ancient Roman Coin i51167

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Son of Constantine I the Great Bronze AE2 20mm (3.98 grams) Cyzicus mint 348-351 A.D. Reference: RIC 70 (Cyzicus), LRBC 2474 DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe. FELTEMPREPARATIO Exe: */SMKΔ - Constantius II standing left, holding  labarum topped with the Chi-Rho and resting  hand on shield; two captives to left. Star in left field.

CONSTANTIUS II 324AD Arelate Mint OPEN DOOR CAMP GATE Rare Roman Coin i51101

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Bronze AE3 20mm (2.67 grams) Arelate mint: 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 297 FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. VIRTVS CAESS Exe: QA(crescent)RL, Camp gate with open doors and four turrets; star above.* Numismatic Note: Rare type with the open doors.

CONSTANTIUS II Constantine the Great son Ancient Roman Coin Battle Horse i46699

Constantius II -  Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - BATTLE SCENE COIN Bronze AE2 23mm (4.98 grams)  Struck in the mint of Aquileia circa 337-361 A.D. Reference: RIC VIII Aquileia 95. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, falling forwards on the ground on his hands and knees.  Star in right field. Mintmark AQT. (The dot at far right is not part of the mintmark).

PROBUS 276AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin Sol Sun God on horse quadriga i44286

Probus -  Roman Emperor: 276-282 A.D. - Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (4.27 grams) Struck circa 276-282 A.D. Reference: RIC 861. IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG  - Radiate and mantled bust left, holding eagle-tipped sceptre. SOLI INVICTO Ex: KAΔ - Sol driving facing quadriga chariot, head left, holding whip.

Roman Republic 104BC Roma Victory Chariot Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i49087

Roman Republic C. Coelius Caldus moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.82 grams) Rome mint, circa 104 B.C. Reference:  Coelia 3; B.M.C. 1463-92; Syd. 582a; Craw. 318/1b Head of Roma left. Victory in biga ( chariot) left, CALD below horses, letter below.

SELEUKOS I Nikator Tetradrachm Athena ELEPHANT Silver Greek Coin Seleukid i46301

Greek Coin of  Seleucid Kingdom Seleukos I, Nikator - King: 312-280 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.27 grams) Struck circa 312-280 B.C. Reference: Sear 6831 var.; HGC 9, 18 Laureate head of Zeus right. Athena, brandishing spear and holding shield, standing in chariot drawn right by four horned elephants; on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; in exergue, ΣEΛΕYKOY.

JULIUS CAESAR Elephant Serpent 49BC Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin i47254

Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator Silver Denarius 19mm (3.66 grams) Struck 49-48 B.C. Reference: RSC 49j B.9; B.M.C., Gaul, 27; Syd. 1006; Craw. 443/1 Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent, CAESAR in exergue. Sacrificial implements: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.The obverse type may symbolize victory over evil, whereas the reverse refers to Caesar's  office of Pontifex Maximus.

GORDIAN III 238AD Deultum Thrace GALLEY SHIP Ancient Roman Coin BEAUTY i52771

Gordian III Roman Emperor: 238-244 A.D. - Bronze 23mm (5.66 grams) of Deultum in Thrace Reference: Jurokova 274 IMP C GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. COL F L PAC DEVLT,  Galley under full sail, sailing right.

MARK ANTONY Cleopatra Lover 32BCActium Ancient Silver Roman Coin LEG XIX i53492

Mark Antony Silver Denarius 18mm (3.09 grams) Struck at Actium 32-31 B.C. for Mark Antony's XIX Legion Reference: RSC 55; B.M.C. 214; Syd. 1242; Craw. 544/35 ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley right. LEG XIX, Legionary eagle between two standards.

RHOEMETALKES 136AD Bosporus King Shield Sword Axe Horse Helmet Greek Coin i53539

Kingdom of  Bosporus Rhoemetalkes  - King, circa 131-154 A.D. Bronze '48 Units' 22mm (5.48 grams) Struck circa 136 A.D. Reference: Anohin 495; Sear GIC 5467; MacDonald 456 ΒΑCΙΛЄѠC POIMHTAΛKOY, His diademed and  draped bust right; trident before. Circular shield between battle axe (on left) and sword in scabbard; spear in  background; above, horse's head and helmet; beneath, denomination mark M H.

Alexander III the Great as Hercules 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Bow Club i44200

Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 19mm (6.18 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6739 var. Head of Alexander the Great as  Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Hercules' weapons, bow in bow-case and club, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in between.

DEMETRIUS I Poliorcetes 294BC Ancient Greek Coin HELMET SHIELD i27042

Greek - Macedonian Kingdom - King Demetrius I Poliorcetes - 294-288 B.C. Bronze 17mm (4.54 grams) Struck 294-288 B.C. Reference: Sear 6774; Newell 131 - Macedonian shield, with monogram of Demetrios at center. BA  ΣΙ either side of crested Macedonian helmet,  in field to left, anchor.

AMISOS in PONTUS MITHRADATES VI the GREAT Gorgon Aegis Nike Greek Coin i30066

Greek city of  Amisos in  Pontus Bronze 21mm (7.67 grams) Struck under  Mithradates VI the Great circa 105-90 B.C. or circa 90-85 B.C. Reference: HGC 7, 242; Sear 3642; SNG Black Sea 1177-1191; B.M.C. 13. 20,74 Aegis, with Gorgon's head at center. Nike advancing right, carrying palm-branch; ΑΜΙ - ΣΟΥ across field; monograms to left and to right.

AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i53144

  Augustus -  Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Bronze 18mm (4.47 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece, Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C. Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32 VIC AVG,  Victory  standing  left. 3 legionary  Standards, 'COHOR PRAEPHIL'

TRAJAN victory over DACIA 103AD Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome i53511

Trajan - Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. - VICTORY OVER DACIA Silver Denarius 17mm (3.36 grams) Rome mint: 103-111 A.D. Reference: RIC 219 IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head right. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Dacia seated right in mournful attitude on shield;  below, curved sword.Trajan celebrates his victory over Dacia on this coin.

CONSTANTINE I the GREAT RARE Ancient Roman Coin Victory Over SARMATIANS i39763

Constantine I 'The Great' -  Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Victory Over SARMATIANS Bronze 19mm (3.24 grams) Sirmium mint 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 48 (VII, Sirmium) CONSTANTINVSAVG - Laureate head right. SARMATIADEVICTA Exe: SIRM -  Victory  advancing right, stepping on captive, holding  Trophy  and palm.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 194AD Emesa Trophy Quality Ancient Silver Roman Coin i12586

Septimius Severus -  Roman Emperor: 193-211 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm (3.21 grams) Emesa mint: 194-195 A.D. Reference: RIC 389, BMC 365, S 6288, C 232 IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCOSII - Laureate head right. INVICTOIMP - Trophy with weapons at base.

NERO Arch Chariot & Mars 65AD Lugdunum Ancient Roman Coin Architecture i36665

Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 36mm (25.42 grams) Lugdunum mint: 65 A.D. Reference: RIC 393; Cohen 306; BMCRE 330; BN 69; WCN 414; F.S. Kleiner, The Arch of Nero in Rome. A study of the Roman honorary arch before and under Nero, Archaeologica 52 (Rome, 1985), 51aNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust. S C across field, Triumphal arch, hung with wreath across front and left side; above, Nero in facing quadriga escorted on right by Victory holding wreath and palm and on left by Pax holding caduceus and cornucopiae; just below the quadriga on extreme left and right, two small figures of soldiers; on left side of arch in niche, figure of Mars standing facing, holding spear and round shield; ornamental reliefs on the faces and plinths of the arch.

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See More Here: Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols Informative blog post pertaining to numismatic coins. World-renowned numismatic expert created this to educate people.

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Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem – Guide VIDEO Tour of the Types

Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem - A VIDEO Tour of the Types

This guide is designed to teach people a lot more about ancient biblical coins. Some of the coins explored in this guide are those of John Hyrcanus I, Alexander Jannaeus, Herod the Great, Herod Archelaus, Pontius Pilate and the Roman prefects procurators of Judaea area. The best reference work on the subject is Guide to Biblical Coins by David Hendin. This book goes deep in to the subject and history of the many coins of Jerusalem and coins dealing with the Holy Land, including the towns around Jerusalem. This guide would be interesting for people of both the Jewish and the Christian faith, and for those that would like to study historical ancient coins. Ancient Zodiac CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

See More Here: Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem – Guide VIDEO Tour of the Types Fascinating blog post about ancient coin collecting. An expert numismatist posted this to educate people.

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TRIBUTE Penny Jesus Christ RENDER UNTO CAESAR Biblical Roman Coins Guide

Tribute Penny Render Unto Caesar Jesus Christ Biblical Coins

The guide to the ancient silver Roman coin described in the bible brought before Christ

The Most Likely Candidates for the Silver Coin Described in the Bible under Mark 12:14-17

Quoting the Bible: "Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why temp ye me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And He saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto Him, Caesar's. And Jesus, answering, said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's (Mark 12:14-17)" Who the Caesars Were Julius Caesar, the famous military commander and dictator of Rome was the originator of the name Caesar that the Roman emperors adopted. Augustus being an adopted heir of Julius Caesar, also took on his name. This was an important political tactic giving him the power of Julius Caesar as an adopted son. An adopted son would therefore carry the popularity that Caesar had. Augustus was Roman emperor from 27 B.C. - 14 A.D., officially. Upon his death, the next emperor was Tiberius. He, too, as later emperors assumed the title of Caesar in his name, especially written on coins. So therefore, Caesar was a name that many emperors assumed and put on their coins. Types of Silver Coins bearing the name "Caesar" in Circulation during the Life of Jesus Christ When the 1611 edition of the King James Bible was written, the term for Roman denarius whose Greek equivalent was the drachm was translated to the Anglo-Saxon penny as known to the British, which was their standard silver coin denomination at the time. So we know three rulers who would have had a denarius silver coin with the name "Caesar" written on them. And they would be.
  • Julius Caesar, died March 15th, 44 B.C.
  • Augustus, Roman emperor who ruled 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
  • Tiberius, Roman emperor who ruled 14 A.D. - 37 A.D.
Most Likely Candidates for the Coin Described in the Bible Quoting the section from Mark, "Whose is this image and superscription?". We must come to the conclusion that the coin must, have a portrait of a ruler and also have a "superscription" or in other words the word Caesar in the title and be a coin of the denarius (or possibly drachm) denomination. Although the coins of Julius Caesar did exist in denarius form with his portrait, they are quite rare, and would not have been minted since 44 B.C., so likely would not be a common type of coin in circulation at the time, although certainly a candidate. Then there are the coins of Augustus, who feature the word "Caesar" whom also had the denarius coin with his portrait and who issued a lot of them in his reign from before Jesus' birth to his young adulthood from 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. So this would be a more likely candidate for the coin that was brought before Jesus Christ. Another point to be made is that the Augustus coins are much more plentiful in the times of Jesus Christ than the coins of Tiberius circulating in the area of Jerusalem. And lastly, the most traditionally attributed coin as being the Tribute Penny is the silver denarius coin of emperor Tiberius, whom reigned 14-37 A.D. and also feature the title of Caesar on them. These would have been the most recently-minted coins in the context of the time period  described and therefore the most widely-accepted form of the Tribute Penny. Conclusion In conclusion, the coin that was talked about in the bible would have to have four characteristics.
  1. Would have to have been minted during the lifetime or before the birth of Jesus Christ.
  2. Would be silver and of the Roman denarius denomination.
  3. Would have the portrait of the Roman ruler on it.
  4. Would have the word "Caesar" in the inscription on them
So therefore they would be portrait Julius Caesar silver denarius coins, Augustus silver denarius coins, or Tiberius silver denarius coins with the inscription of "Caesar" on them.

Examples of the Ancient Silver Roman coins that could be described as the biblical Tribute Penny

Below are the three possibilities that fit the biblical account of the Tribute Penny, including the two most likely-ones, those of Augustus and Tiberius.

Julius Caesar portrait silver denarius coin from 44 B.C.

Notice the term "Caesar" on it's obverse and incidentally the first time a living ruler's portrait was placed on a coin. Coin's description: Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius  Rome,  44 B.C. CAESAR IMP, laureate head of Julius Caesar right; behind, lituus and  simpulum behind.  M METTIVS, Venus standing facing, head left, holding Victory and scepter,  resting elbow on shield set on globe behind her; in left field.

Roman Emperor Augustus' coin from circa 2 B.C. featuring Caius and Lucius Caesars

Here is the second example cited in the article that I conclude could be the type described. Coin's Description : Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 19mm Rome mint: 2 B.C. - 2 A.D. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F. PATER PATRIAE, his laurel head right. C . L . CAESARES AVGVSTI F . COS . DESIG . PRINC . IVVENT., Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, shields and spears between them; above, between the spears, simpulum and lituus turned inwards.

Tiberius, Roman Emperor 14-37 A.D. silver Denarius ancient silver Roman coin that is the most popular and well-known "Tribute Penny" type

This is the coin that is most widely attributed to the coin described in the Bible by the scholars of biblical coins of the nineteenth century. Coin's Description Tiberius - Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm Lugdunum mint: 14-37 A.D. THE BIBLICAL TRIBUTE PENNY Reference: BN II, 42, 28; RIC 95, 30. C 16 TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right. PONTIF MAXIM - Livia seated right, holding spear and branch; ornamented chair legs.

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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

Source Here: TRIBUTE Penny Jesus Christ RENDER UNTO CAESAR Biblical Roman Coins Guide An interesting article about ancient coin collecting. An ancient coin expert published this to teach.

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Thursday, July 20, 2017

5 Things You Need to Start Collecting Ancient Coins

5 Things You Need to Start Collecting Ancient Coins as a Beginner

  In this informative video, we are taught that there are 5 basic things that are a good idea to have for starting a coin collection. They are:
  1. Loupe
  2. Scales
  3. Ruler
  4. Coin Flips
  5. Reference books
See other great articles and videos that go more into depth on these topics:  

Read More Here: 5 Things You Need to Start Collecting Ancient Coins Fascinating article pertaining to ancient coin collecting. An ancient coin expert created this for educational purposes.

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Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Goddess of LOVE Aphrodite also Known as VENUS with EROS & CUPID on Ancient Greek Roman Coins

Venus Cupid Aphrodite Eros Ancient Greek and Roman Coins

Coins of the Goddess of Love and her Winged "Angel" of Love

Venus is the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. Cupid is the Roman version of the Greek Eros. Both of these colorful characters played significant roles in history. It was the judgement of Paris, naming Aphrodite the "fairest of them all" whom granted him the love of Helen; whose love launched the Trojan war depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey. Other colorful characters of history such as Julius Caesar had Venus as the patron deity and claimed decent from the goddess herself. Both Venus and Cupid have been depicted on ancient coins of the ancient Greeks and Romans stretching from the B.C. times to even the mid-to-late Roman empire.  She was the mother of the Roman people through the link to her son Aeneas who fled Troy. Her functioned included those of beauty, sex, love, fertility and desire. Cupid, Greek Eros, translating from Latin word "Cupido" which means "desire" is the god of erotic love, affection, desire and attraction in Roman mythology. He is often depicted together with his mother the goddess Venus. See an amazing collection of ancient coins depicting her and search for coins  that depict both her and Cupid. Coins Available for Sale:

Authentic Ancient Greek & Roman Coins Featuring Venus Aphrodite Cupid Eros

Being the patron goddess of Julius Caesar, Venus is depicted on many of his coins. However, she is depicted on many other ancient Greek and Roman coins of the ancient times. Many times, her son Cupid is included in her depiction. Venus is also sometimes featured holding the Golden Apple which Paris granted the goddess in the story of the Judgement of Paris. A story that echoes in eternity and associated with the Trojan war. On Roman coins she at times has various functions she does, such as VENUS VICTRIX, or Venus of Victory. The most likely attractive type of Venus to collect is the one that shows her from behind with her half-draped buttocks showing. Enjoy the selection of ancient coins I put together for your pleasure.

Roman Republic JULIUS CAESAR Family VENUS CUPID Mark Antony Silver Coin i46293

Roman Republic L. Julius L. f. Caesar moneyer Silver Denarius 16mm (3.87 grams) Rome mint, circa 103 B.C. Reference:  Julia 4; B.M.C. 1405, esc.; Syd. 593; Craw. 320/1 Head of Mars left, CAESAR behind, letter and dots above. Venus Genetrix in biga left, drawn by two Cupids, before them lyre, letter and dots above, L . IVLI . L . F in exergue. Family member of Caesar the dictator. Grandfather of Mark Antony. The Julia gens claimed it's decent from Venus herself.

Roman Republic Julius Caesar Family Venus Silver Ancient Coin CONSIDIA 7 i45466

Roman Republic C. Considius Paetus moneyer Silver Denarius 20mm (3.60 grams) Rome mint, circa 46 B.C. Reference: Considia 7; B.M.C. 4090; Syd. 993; Craw. 465/4 PAETI behind head of Venus left, diademed and laureate. Victory in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm, C . CONSIDI in exergue.

PLAUTILLA Caracalla Wife 202AD VENUS CUPID Ancient Silver Roman Coin i46570

 Plautilla - Roman Empress - Wife of Caracalla - Silver Denarius 20mm (3.52 grams)  Rome mint: 202-205 A.D. Reference: RIC 369 (Caracalla), S 7074, BMC 429 - PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right. VENVS VICTRIX -   Venus standing left, leaning on shield, holding apple and cradling palm;  Cupid to lower left.

Venus in Chariot with Cupid 106BC Ancient Silver Roman Republic Coin i41974

Roman Republic L. Memmius Galeria moneyer Silver Denarius 20mm (3.80 grams) Rome mint, circa 106 B.C. Reference: Memmia 2; B.M.C. 1329-46; Syd. 574; Craw. 313/1b Laureate head of Saturn left, letter or letter and dot below chin, harpa and ROMA behind. Venus in biga right, Cupid flies above, L . MEMMI / GAL in exergue.Venus was the tutelary divinity of the Memmia gens.

JULIA DOMNA Silver Ancient Authentic Roman Coin VENUS Fertility Cult i26637

Julia Domna - Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A.D. - Silver Denarius 19mm (2.97 grams) Rome mint 196-211 A.D. Reference: RIC 580 (Septimius Severus), C 198 IVLIAAVGVSTA - Draped bust right. VENVSFELIX - Venus standing left, holding apple and pulling dress.

Roman Republic 46BC Silver Coin Julius Caesar Family Gemini Venus Cult i28585

Roman Republic - Mn. Cordius Rufus moneyer, which may refer to the Julius Caesar family Silver Denarius (21mm, 3.65 gm.) Rome mint: 46 B.C. Reference: Cordia 1; S-440.Cr463/1. Syd 976. RSC-(Cordia)-1. Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right, each wearing pileus surmounted by star, RVFVS III VIR behind and below. MN . CORDIVS behind Venus Verticordia standing left, holding scales & scepter, Cupid on her shoulder.

Galeria Valeria 310AD Ancient Roman Coin VENUS Sexual love Cult i44272

Galeria Valeria - Roman Empress - Wife of Galerius - Daughter of Diocletian - Bronze Follis 25mm (5.44 grams) Heraclea mint: 310 A.D. Reference: RIC 50 (Heraclea) GALVALERIAAVG - Diademed, draped bust right. VENERIVICTRICI Exe: */HTΔ - Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt.

CARACALLA Silver Antoninianus Ancient Roman Coin 'Venus the Victorious' i46769

Caracalla - Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. - Silver Antoninianus 24mm (4.66 grams) Struck circa 198-217A.D. Reference:  RIC 311d ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. VENVSVICTRIX - Venus standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield.

Roman Republic C. Norbanus 83BC Rare Ancient Silver Coin VENUS Commerce i28514

Roman Republic C. Norbanus moneyer Silver Denarius (19mm, 3.80 gm.), Rome, 83 B.C. Reference:  Norbana 2; B.M.C. 2770-2826; Syd. 739; Craw. 357/1b Diademed head of  Venus right, C . NORBANVS below, number behind. Corn, fasces and caduceus.

JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Portrait Ancient Silver Roman Coin Venus Rare i46313

Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Struck February-March  44 B.C. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer Reference: RSC 40; B. 48; B.M.C. 4175; Syd. 1074a; Craw. 480/14 CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, his laureate and veiled head right. P . SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter, star set on ground to right.Probably the most famous portrait issue of Julius Caesar. This series illustrates the dictator's break with the Roman custom forbidding the depiction of living individuals on the coinage, which may have contributed to the mounting fears (perhaps justifiable in retrospect) that he wished to do away with republican institutions and establish a new personal monarchy in Rome. These fears, combined with jealousy of his success and power, led to Caesar's assassination on the Ides of March, 44 B.C. At the same time that the portrait subtly elevates Caesar's status to that of a king, it also reveals his human frailty: the laurel wreath that Caesar wears was awarded to him by the Senate, but he reportedly wore it in public at all times in order to hide a bald spot.

JULIA DOMNA Septimius Severus Wife Silver Roman Coin Venus Love Cult i24607

Julia Domna - Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm (2.63 grams) Emesa mint: 193-196 A.D. IVLIA DOMNA AVGV - Draped bust right. VENERI VICTR - Nude Venus with half-covered buttocks standing right, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding apple and palm.* Numismatic Note: Rare, type from the Emesan mint.

JULIA SOAEMIAS 220AD Elagabalus Mother Silver Roman Coin Venus Cult i21501

Julia Soaemias - Roman Empress Mother of Elagabalus, Roman Emperor 218-222 A.D. - Silver Denarius 18mm (3.04 grams) Rome mint: 220-222 A.D. Reference: RIC 241 (Elagabalus), S 7719 IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG - Draped bust right. VENVSCAELESTIS - Venus standing left, holding apple and scepter; star in right field.

JULIA MAMAEA Sestertius Big RARE Ancient Roman Coin Venus Cupid Erotic i46443

Julia Mamaea - Roman Empress wife of Emperor Severus Alexander 222-235 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 30mm (24.42 grams) Struck circa 222-235 A.D. Reference: RIC 694 (Severus Alexander), BMC 190 (Severus Alexander), C 62 IVLIAMAMAEAAVGVSTA - Diademed, draped bust right. VENERIFELICI - Venus standing right, holding scepter and Cupid; S C across fields.

APHRODISIAS in CARIA 3rdCenAD Boule Eros Cupid with Torch Greek Coin i44355

Greek city of Aphrodisias in Caria Bronze 19mm (4.40 grams) Struck circa 3rd Century A.D. Reference: BMC 32, 39. SNG von Aulock 2445 Є IЄPΑ BΟΥΛH, veiled and draped bust of Boule (the Council) right. ΑΦΡΩΔЄΙCIЄΩΝ, Eros (Roman Cupid) standing right, holding torch.

CARTEIA Spain after 44BC Ancient Greek Coin of Romans Cupid Dolphin i37417

The city of Carteia (Roman colony founded in 171 B.C.) in Spain Bronze Quadrans 18mm (4.36 grams) Struck after 44 B.C. Reference: ACIP 2609; RPC I 116 Turreted head of Fortuna right; behind, trident. Cupid riding dolphin  right.

Antiochos VII Euergetes 138BC Ancient Seleucid Greek Coin Eros Cupid Isis i36811

The Seleucid Kingdom Antiochos VII, Euergetes (Sidetes) - Seleucid King: 138-129 B.C. Bronze 18mm (5.60 grams) Struck 138-129 B.C. Reference: Sear 7098 Winged bust of Eros ( Cupid)  right wreathed with myrtle. Head-dress of Isis; on right, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY; on left, EYEPΓETOY; MH monogram in left field, beneath, crescent and Seleucid date ΔOP (=174=138 B.C.)

Roman Republic Maxsumus RARE Silver Coin Cupid Eros Jupiter Cult Temple i34394

Roman Republic Cn. Egnatius Cn. f. Cn. n. Maxsumus moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.35 grams) Rome mint: 75 B.C. Reference: Egnatia 3; B.M.C. 3276-84; Syd. 788; Craw. 391/2 Bust of Cupid right, bow and quiver on shoulder, MAXSVMVS behind. Jupiter and Liberty within distyle temple, C . EGNATIVS CN . F . in exergue, CN . N . on right, number on left.

ANTIOCHUS IX Cyzicenus SELEUCID KING 112BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin i23746 EROS

GREEK - Seleucid Kingdom: Antiochus IX Cyzicenus - King: 113-96 B.C. - Bronze 20mm (4.94 grams) Struck 112-111 B.C. Reference: Sear 7173; SNG Israel 2743; BMC 4.94,27 Winged bust of Eros right. Nike advancing left, holding wreath; on right ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ; on left, ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤOΡΟΣ; in field to left, Seleucid date.

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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

Original Post Here: Goddess of LOVE Aphrodite also Known as VENUS with EROS & CUPID on Ancient Greek Roman Coins Fascinating article pertaining to ancient coins. An expert numismatist created this to educate people.

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